In elementary schools with high numbers of disadvantaged students, 25 percent of foreign language teachers, 23 percent of math teachers, and 20 percent of science teachers do not have degrees in their fields of education.Continue reading
The teacher shortage is an escalating problem in Hungary, as the number of teaching hours for Hungarian teachers is very high while their salaries are among the lowest in an EU comparison, the European Commission’s (EC) recently-released 2022 Country Report concluded.
The report also found that,
Fact Another aspect of the report found that
The growing shortage of young colleagues has been confirmed both by teachers themselves and the Statistical Office (KSH). Their notoriously low salaries have also been demonstrated already in several comparative reports.
As we have already reported, teachers unions engaged in several awareness campaigns and strikes in order to settle the situation. However, according to the unions, instead of addressing the issue, the Fidesz government decided to restrict teachers’ right to strike, something that has been facing controversies and protests in the country ever since.
Since the April general elections, Orbán has announced a ten percent wage increase for teachers this year, another ten percent next year, and another ten percent the year after. That just about allows them to keep up with inflation, projected to average about 9-10 percent this year, along with rising consumer prices. More recently, House Speaker and Fidesz member László Kövér also insisted that teachers’ salaries should be increased only “by the appropriate minimum.”
However, teachers’ unions consider Orbán’s aforementioned offer “ridiculously low” and are demanding at least a one-time 45% increase.
Meanwhile, despite requests from the trade unions to set up a separate education ministry in the next Orbán government, education will be placed under the Interior Ministry in the new Fidesz-led government – something that the PDSZ teacher union called “shocking.”
Meanwhile, another school strike is already on the horizon that would start in September if the parties concerned cannot reach a wage agreement this summer.
featured image illustration via György Varga/MTI