Ferenc Krausz, Pierre Agostini, and Anne L’Huillier will be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2023, for their work in the field of attosecond pulse and electron physics, according to an announcement by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Professor Krausz is a member of the Friends of Hungary Foundation, publisher of Hungary Today.
One of the strangest phenomena in quantum physics, the tunnel effect, has been observed by a team in Munich led by the Hungarian scientist. Ferenc Krausz, who lives in Germany, is the founder of ultra-fast laser science with his colleagues. The attosecond is one billionth of a billionth of a second (10 to the 18th power seconds). Lasers operating at this time scale can be used to study physical processes that we have never been able to before, such as the path of an electron inside an atom.
Krausz was the first person to directly observe the electrons in the nucleus of an atom using laser flashes of attosecond duration. Pierre Agostini is a research fellow at Ohio University, and Anne L’Huillier is a French professor of atomic physics at Lund University. Krausz, 61, is Director of the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Munich, Head of the Department of Experimental Physics at Ludwig Maximilians University, and an external member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA). Krausz and his colleagues were the first to produce and measure attosecond light pulses in 2001.
The news comes only a day after the Nobel Committee announced another Hungarian, Katalin Karikó as a joint winner of the Nobel Prize in Medical Sciences with American scientist, Drew Weissman. The latest prize brings Hungary’s total tally of Nobels to 16.
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