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Hungary’s Population Decline Slows Down As Early Deaths Remain Serious Concern

Tamás Székely 2016.05.27.

Hungary’s population decline slowed in the first quarter of the year as the number of births increased by 1.2% and the number of deaths decreased by 15% compared with the same period last year, the Central Statistical Office (KSH) reported on Friday.

Preliminary figures show that there were 22,405 births in the first three months of the year, up by 263 from the same period a year earlier. According to leap day-adjusted data, the number of births for the period was up by 16 compared with 2015. The number of deaths was 32,798, down by 5,880, or 16% according to leap day-adjusted data, KSH said. The rise in births and the drop in the death rate means that the rate of natural population decline was down by 37% compared with the same period in 2015. The number of marriages went up by an annual 27% to 6,312.

More than 24 thousand under-75 people died in 2013 in Hungary due to the lack of proper medical attendance, and this number represents 41.5% of the deaths, Hungarian news portal napi.hu said citing a fresh report by Eurostat. In 2013, 1.7 million people died in the EU, 34% of them (577.5 thousand people) under the age of 75, the report shows. In other words, 577.5 thousand deaths could be avoided in the European Union by the current state of medicine.

One third of early deaths (184.8 thousand) were caused by heart attack, while 16% of the avoidable fatalities (94 thousand) were caused by stroke. The third leading causes were cancers affecting the enteron demanding 67 thousand human lives in 2013 (12%). This was followed by breast cancer causing 51 thousand deaths (9%), hypertension diseases responsible for 5% and pneumonia responsible for 4% of early fatalities.

There are big differences between EU countries concerning the early deaths of people under 75. The rate is the highest in Romania (49.4% deaths under 75), flowed by Latvia (48.5%), Lithuania (45.4%) and Slovakia (44.6%). Hungary has the 8th highest rate with 41.5%, while the rate is 39.3% in Czechia and 31.4% in Poland. France has the lowest rate of early deaths (23.8%), but Denmark (27.1%), Belgium (27.5%) and the Netherlands (29.1%) are also under the EU average rate (30%).

via hungarymatters.hu and napi.hu