“Hungary’s new Fundamental Law is at once a memoir and a project; it tells of who we were, who we are and who we want to be”, the country’s Minister of Justice László Trócsányi told the second world conference of the Friends of Hungary Foundation on Saturday in the capital Budapest.
Addressing a group of over 150 top businessmen, academics and artists who arrived to the two-day gathering from all five continents, Mr. Trócsányi said in his lecture that the sense of togetherness is of particular importance to Hungarians because history tore the country apart, scattering its sons and daughters over the most diverse corners of the world.
Consequently, the country’s new Fundamental Law, which was adopted by the second Orbán government and took effect on 1 January 2012, gives a definition for the term “nation”, emphasises the state’s responsibility for Hungarians living beyond the country’s present borders and provides them with citizenship and suffrage. These measures provoked a major controversy across the world on values, possibly a consequence of Europe’s bad conscience, he said. The Minister claimed that the previous Constitution was a result of a deal between the old, Communist elite and its democratic opposition and extended only to institutions and fundamental rights, while remaining neutral in terms of values.
However, the Fundamental Law adopted in 2011, contains a set of the nation’s basic values without being discriminative, he explained, in contrast to the previous Constitution, adopted in its original form in 1949, which was rooted in the denial of historical values, among them the country’s constitutional heritage.
The inclusion of the protection and preservation of our natural heritage for coming generations and provisions aimed at restricting the level of public debt were included in the Fundamental Law as a commitment to responsibility for the future, Mr. Trócsányi said.
photo: kormany.hu/Endre Véssey