Hungarians are a “Global Nation,” meaning that the survival of Hungary’s national identity is dependent on the survival of Hungarian communities all over the world, both in the Carpathian Basin and the diaspora, while a strong and self-assertive Hungary is fundamental as a base to support those living outside the country’s borders. This was the emphasis on day one of the first Friends of Hungary Online Conference, where members came together online to listen to the presentations of the chair of the Foundation’s board of trustees, Professor E. Sylvester Vizi, and Deputy Prime Minister of Hungary Zsolt Semjén.
Professor E. Sylvester Vizi and Deputy Prime Minister of Hungary Zsolt Semjén spoke in detail on key subjects relevant to all Hungarians. Their discussion ranged several topics spanning from the impact Hungarians have had in the fight against the coronavirus, Hungarians as a global nation, and the equal importance of maintaining Hungarian identity abroad and at home.
Professor E. Sylvester Vizi Welcomes Hungarians From All 5 Continents
Professor E. Sylvester Vizi began by welcoming the many Hungarians joining the Foundation from all 5 continents of the world, who “belong to this cultural nation which is characteristic of giving much to the world in the fields of sciences, sports, and the arts.”
The foundation, now celebrating its 10th anniversary, has been growing progressively. New members are constantly joining, not only Hungarians, but even foreign citizens; politicians, scientists, and artists who admire Hungary and Hungarian culture.
Fact This is the second year that the Friends of Hungary Conference cannot be held in person due to the safety issues raised by the pandemic. Under non-pandemic circumstances, members meet with the Foundation at a set venue in Hungary, where they convene with fellow members as well as key representatives of the Hungarian government.
The leader of the foundation described Deputy Prime Minister Semjén’s involvement in the conference as especially relevant, since he is not only responsible for supporting ethnic Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin, but those in the diaspora as well. He quoted Semjén’s statement that
The survival of Hungarian identity depends on the continued perseverance of Hungarian communities, both within Hungary’s borders and abroad.”
It is important, Professor E. Sylvester Vizi said, “for the world to recognize the success of Hungarians, as it is just as important for the success of Hungarians globally be introduced at home.” The professor voiced how proud the Foundation is of the many Hungarians around the world who maintain or support Hungarian identity around the world. It is proud of Katalin Karikó, the Hungarian biochemist to whom we can be grateful for the vaccination of hundreds of millions of people.
Deputy Prime Minister Semjén Addresses the Global Hungarian Nation
Deputy Prime Minister Zsolt Semjén addressed the Friends of Hungary Foundation by first referring to the base philosophy of nation politics, which views every nation as “a singular and unrepeatable asset.” Hungary’s primary goal is to defend its identity, an asset that can ultimately only be given to humanity by Hungarians. Therefore, Semjén said, “anything that truncates the existence of a nation ultimately truncates the universal wealth of humanity’s assets.”
There are two ideologies which go against the concept of the nation, Semjén said. These are internationalism and Chauvinism, both damaging to nationality in different ways. While internationalism removes the nation from humanity, chauvinism denigrates other nations by challenging their right to exist.
The Hungarian state is the historical self-expression of the Hungarian nation. Therefore, the purpose and goal of the Hungarian state is to maintain the survival of the Hungarian nation, and to improve the quality of life of the Hungarian people.”
As the events of Trianon and the various dictatorships that controlled Hungary in the past forced many to emigrate, the Hungarian nation became a global nation, with proponents all around the world, the Deputy Prime Minister noted.
Semjén encompasses the survival of the Hungarian “global nation” into the concept of a three-legged chair, made up of the Hungarians within Hungary’s modern borders, the Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin outside of Hungary’s borders, and the Hungarians in the diaspora.
It is important for the Hungarian government to have a strong self-conscience and conception of national identity, since “with its diplomacy, economic background, and statehood, it gives a foundation to the survival of the universal Hungarian nation.”
The deputy prime minister listed notable institutions, such as the Gábor Bethlen Fund, the Sándor Kőrösi Csoma Program, and the Petőfi Program which help maintain Hungarian identity in the Carpathian Basin and in the diaspora.
This state involvement resulted in the building of 1000 kindergartens for Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin, the consistent funding of the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania and maintaining a constant flow of Hungarian students on scholarships to help diaspora communities.
Semjén: Protection of National Minorities Fundamental to Hungary
Ethnic Hungarian autonomy was also a subject which Semjén touched on, asking that if other ethnicities, such as the Tyroleans, can have autonomy, why shouldn’t the Szeklers?
These questions of Hungary’s ethnic sovereignty, as well as providing Hungarians abroad with Hungarian citizenship, are of special relevance to the government, Semjén said, since, following the concept of the global nation, all Hungarians deserve to be held in equal regard.
This subject, according to Semjén, is not dealt with properly in the European Union, where certain minority rights (such asthose of the LGBTQ community) are held with more importance than those of national or religious minorities.
Our job is to never give up. (…) we will continue to bring up the rights of national minorities.”
Semjén concluded his speech by emphasizing that all Hungarians around the world will always be able to count on Hungary, no matter what happens.
Following his speech, members of the Foundation asked various questions to the deputy prime minister, involving Hungarian sovereignty, immunity certificates to all Hungarians, and the return of diaspora Hungarians to Hungary.
Professor E. Sylvester Vizi introduced the winners of the Friend of Hungary award, given to notable people in the community, chosen by the community for their exceptional work in strengthening the Hungarian diaspora. This year Anikó Gáal-Schott, Zsuzsánna Haynalné Kesserű, and the “Europa”-Club in Vienna received the prestigious award.
Anikó Gáal-Schott has been described by her colleagues as the bridge between Washington and Hungary. She has been active in numerous charities and received special commendation for her involvement in the creation of the American Hungarian Ferderation’s Commemorative Symposium, “The Treaty of Trianon, a Hungarian Tragedy.”
Zsuzsánna Haynalné Kesserű is a journalist responsible for the protection of Hungarian media and culture in Argentina. She runs the Argentinian Hungarian Gazette, a newspaper that reaches two to three thousand Argentinian Hungarians, as well as her own library, the Hungária Circle of Book Friends, Book Lending, and Archives.
The “Europa”-Club is a cultural center for Viennese Hungarians, established by the large refugee population which settled their after the 1956 revolution. The club holds theatrical and cultural events, goes on trips to Hungary, and invites notable Hungarians and organizations to present in Vienna.[/richfact]
Before entering their workshops to discuss the key issues Hungary currently faces, members were greeted by a video message from Hungarian president János Áder, addressing the important role they play in the global Hungarian community.
All photos by Tamás Komporday/Hungary Today