Yesterday, Figyelő, a pro-Orbán weekly magazine owned by Fidesz-linked historian Mária Schmidt, published an article in which it listed the names of researchers at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences which, it claims, work on what it described as “liberal” topics.
In an article that was quickly decried as an attack on “academic freedom,” Figyelő listed the names (and, in some cases, photos), of academic researchers who either undertake work in topics that the magazine seems to disapprove of, or who don’t publish often enough for the article’s nameless author.
In particular, the pro-Orbán paper attacked Academy researchers whose work includes fields such as migration, LGBT rights, and gender studies.
Figyelő’s list comes on the heels of revelations last week that the Orbán government intends to place over half of the MTA’s budget (which comes from the state) under the control of the newly-established Ministry of Innovation and Technology, a plan that, according to critics and academics, would effectively bring the Academy of Sciences’ budget under political control.
Orbán Gov’t Plans Greater Control Over Academy of Sciences’ Budget
In response, earlier this week the Academy issued a statement clarifying that it
stands by its independence and the freedom of research.
In addition, at its extraordinary session on June 15th, the MTA unanimously demanded “that the proposed amendment of the Law on the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Law on the 2019 state budget be withdrawn from voting in Parliament, since these amendments were prepared without prior consultation with the Academy.”
Same Paper, New List
Nor is this the first time that the pro-Fidesz magazine has published such a list of names. In April, in the wake of Orbán’s sweeping electoral victory, Figyelő published an article entitled “The Speculator’s People”, which consisted of a list of people it described as Hungarian-American billionaire George Soros’ “mercenaries.”
Pro-Orbán Magazine Publishes List of Professors, Journalists, and Others It Claims are “Soros Mercenaries”
The list included professors at Budapest’s embattled Central European University (CEU), journalists at independent outlets such as the investigative news site Direkt36, and employees of civil society organizations such as the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, Amnesty International, Transparency International, and the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union (TASZ), among others. The individuals named include internationally-awarded researchers, prominent reporters, and the leaders of refugee aid organizations.
That article, which included the names of some who had, in fact, been dead for years, triggered widespread condemnation both within Hungary and abroad, with local critics, the US Embassy, CEU, and international newspapers all slamming Figyelő’s attempt to “intimidate” private citizens.
MTA, Others React: “We Are Proud of Our Researchers”
This time around, reactions to the right-wing magazine’s article have been similarly heated, particularly in academic circles.
Tamás Rudas, Director of the Centre whose researchers were attacked by Figyelő, responded with the following letter:
We at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences’ Centre for Social Studies are proud of our researchers. We are proud of them, regardless of whether they undertake exploratory research on the state of Hungarians outside the modern country’s borders, social inequality, disadvantaged social groups, trust in political institutions, or press freedom. At the Centre for Social Sciences, research topics are freely chosen, because it only free choice of topics, driven by curiosity, that leads to true innovation. The only measure of excellence – although it is, in truth, a very strict one – is the use of internationally accepted scientific methods and the publication of results in prestigious journals and publishing houses. Every year, success is measured by an objective system that evaluates academic achievements.
This sentiment was echoed by a number of the Academy’s research centers and institutes, such as the Institute for Minority Studies, which in a press release condemned both the government’s plans, which would “endanger the freedom of academic research,” as well as the Figyelő’s list, which it described as
unethical…prejudiced, arbitrarily chosen, and inaccurate in many ways.
And in a statement, Central European University (CEU), which has itself been the target of legislation that critics describe as an attempt to force it out of the country, expressed its solidarity with MTA
and its researchers in the face of recent attacks in the press and the government’s new policies relating to scientific research funding. It is vital for the future of academic freedom in Hungary that the Academy conserve its right to govern itself and to allocate resources for research on scientific criteria alone…The attacks against the autonomy of the Academy and the attempts to intimidate its researchers are unacceptable and threaten to seriously hinder the capacity of this premier institution to fulfill its mission at the service of the Hungarian people.
Likewise, ELTE’s Social Sciences Department also released a statement, in which it expressed its hope that researchers at the MTA will continue to research freely and autonomously.
Via figyelo.hu, mta.hu, hvg.hu, ceu.edu, and MTI
Image via Wikimedia Commons