More than 5% of Hungarian citizens of working age (20-64 years), some 339,000 people, were residing and working in another European Union Member state than that of their citizenship in 2017, according to data published by the European Commission’s Statistical Office today.
It should be noted that this number does not include Hungarian citizens working in non-EU countries around the world, such as the United States or Canada.
Statistics show that the share of Hungarian citizens working abroad has increased in the last ten years: in 2007 it was only 1.5%, while in 2015, 2.4% of Hungarians worked in another member state.
The situation varies among member states, from the lowest, 1% for working age citizens of Germany to the highest, almost 20% for citizens of Romania, followed by Lithuania (15%) and Croatia (14%). In the whole European Union, more than 4% of the citizens are working in another country, meaning that the Hungarian share is slightly above the EU average.
Compared to 2007, in most member states this share has increased in the last ten years. Romania also leads the list with the most significant increase of 12.3 pp. At the opposite end of the scale, the share of Cypriot nationals residing abroad decreased from 7.1% in 2007 to 3.9% in 2017.
Data show that those with post-secondary degrees are generally more mobile than the rest of the population, and that the employment rate of mobile EU citizens is also higher than that of the entire population, 76% compared with the total EU employment rate of 72.