Culture

On This Day – In 1902 Construction Of Hungary’s World-Famous Parliament Building Completed

On 8th of October 1902, the construction work of the Hungarian Parliament building was fully completed. As the millennial celebrations of 1896 approached, the Hungarian nation’s demand for representation channelled the conception of a unique Parliament building, inspired partly by the Palace of Westminster of England. The Budapest Parliament building is the third largest Parliament building in the world.

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After an open tender was held in the 1880’s  for the design of the Parliament building, well-known Hungarian architect of the age, Imre Steindl, laid out his plans of a sensational Neo-gothic building, stretching 268 meters in its length along the Danube embankment. Only few know today that both runner-up designs were also built facing the Parliament building. One is the Museum of Ethnography and the other is the Ministry of Agriculture.

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Construction based on the winning plan began in 1885 and the building was inaugurated on the 1000th anniversary of Hungary in 1896, and fully completed in 1902. Ornamented with white neo-gothic turrets and arches, it forms the most outstanding landmark of the Pest side horizon. Statues of Hungarian monarchs and military commanders decorate the outer walls. The unique interior design includes huge halls, over 12,5 miles of corridors, a 96-meter high central dome, and 691 rooms.

The square where the Hungarian Parliament stands was named after Lajos Kossuth, a Hungarian lawyer, journalist, politician and Governor-President of Hungary in 1849. He was widely honored during his lifetime, including in the United States, as a freedom fighter and a bellwether of democracy in Europe. His memorial, as well as a memorial for the 1956 Hungarian Revolution can be seen in front of the Parliament building.

source: parlament.hu and wikipedia